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[生活小百科] Early Blight and Septoria Leaf Spot on Tomato Plants

Early blight and Septoria leaf spot infections most commonly begin in the early or middle part of the growing season but www1.tvboxnow.com  o7 `+ O& o6 Y& E( t( p

5 O+ ?3 T$ ~4 aTVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。can start at any time. Infections can occur anywhere and are most severe in wet and humid areas.
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How to identify Early Blight) X% x$ B- K/ e. W  n5 r
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Symptoms of early blight typically begin on the older, lower leaves of a tomato plant. Over time, infections spread upward to www1.tvboxnow.com) q  S6 i; b3 Q- ?3 Y* k1 c

6 E, x9 ^& {! J# j, x( Rtvb now,tvbnow,bttvbnewer growth. Early blight infections appear as spots that may start out circular or irregular in shape. Spots are dark brown
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in color and form concentric rings, or a
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bullseye pattern
, as they grow. The area around the infection commonly turns yellow. As infections grow,
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leaves may fall off. Extensive loss
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  a* d2 c3 m) p$ G9 _7 w/ _www1.tvboxnow.comof foliage is common. Infections most commonly occur on leaves but can also appear on stems and fruit.
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/ r' V- }# @2 B- l& V$ ?公仔箱論壇How to identify Septoria Leaf Spot, T; ], w" c# t3 c( Z
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Symptoms of Septoria leaf spot also start tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb/ e- }# f" Q% G7 F. m3 b

; n/ T0 B9 O9 l. |8 i8 G! Dwww1.tvboxnow.comon the older, lower leaves of a tomato plant and spread upward to newer growth. The spots start out circular but change TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。9 y7 F! }& ^5 G+ x) [; U( v
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shape as they grow and can merge with other spots. Spots typically have a dark brown edge with a lighter gray or tan center. ; p& c! s3 @2 |- k" R/ Y! z

# l0 U/ [& y& u- a7 P+ U5 A5 \Small dark spots, the fruiting bodies of the fungus
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, will appear in the gray or tan centers. As infections progress, leaves can turn yellow, then brown and finally dry
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  x6 z' a0 B; j2 H; d/ cand dead. Stems can also become infected but www1.tvboxnow.com, @% a1 \9 [* j) l2 V( p1 v0 I
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infection of fruit
is rare.公仔箱論壇7 n; z4 I. T  _' h- C. @9 k
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How to Prevent and Control Early Blight and
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Septoria Leaf Spot

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$ U2 S8 M% B$ I/ K2 eTVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。Follow the 12 easy steps below to enjoy a - j& a; e+ n4 j8 i* q3 Z
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long season
of sweet cherry tomatoes, colorful heirloom tomatoes and richly flavored sauce tomatoes.
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Weed your garden. Some weeds,
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like nightshade, can host early blight and Septoria leaf spot and spread them to your tomato plants.tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb  l, N1 t2 f% `5 a0 k8 I' k

" S! h* n( d/ U7 R: T$ g公仔箱論壇Rotate crop locations. Don’t
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" ~9 K  X) d/ f# `+ x/ Zplant your tomatoes in the same place each year. Early blight and Septoria leaf spot can persist for multiple years in areas
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where tomatoes were grown.TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。8 j# X' I5 G' u
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Give your tomato plants more space for better airflow. At least 2 feet of spacing, more is better.
) k6 A4 l. q1 `1 h0 `- etvb now,tvbnow,bttvbCover the ground beneath your tomato plants with mulch, plastic or landscape fabric. A cover helps prevent the spread of
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% Z4 S) K0 v( S# g1 J& Lfungus from the soil to your
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plants.TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。8 a) N" ^$ K2 j6 f2 J% ]% @) v

& q7 Y" a% g  V# ~' Atvb now,tvbnow,bttvbStake or cage plants to keep them www1.tvboxnow.com2 K. q, w& t  j% o
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off the ground. Early blight and Septoria leaf spot can survive on stakes and cages. Use only new or disinfected stakes and
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& z7 ?: q0 y0 f% @cages. Remove lower leaves for better airflow. As plants mature, remove lower leaves until there is about 8 to 10 inches of tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb- ^- m' h# I# N" N7 }3 O: y! l

) _3 C; h0 R* G% ~+ A. x+ Ztvb now,tvbnow,bttvbspace above the soil without any leaves. Do not use $ B7 U\" @3 K: [\" n3 R

! \8 t4 t' [\" hoverhead watering
.
% s" r2 i! ?' u( Q公仔箱論壇Avoid getting leaves and stems wet as much as possible and avoid watering in a way that may splash soil onto your plants. www1.tvboxnow.com0 e: f& L9 e5 p- j3 X3 T- D
Consider using a soaker hose or drip tape. Water in the early part of the day. This allows leaves to dry faster. Wet leaves allow www1.tvboxnow.com& ]) D# Q$ V  B3 [  W" h

5 S4 W9 y: F5 Q) s/ sTVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。fungus to grow and spread. Avoid working with plants when they are wet. Fungus can be spread more easily when leaves are
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wet. Keep your plants happy and healthy. Weak and stressed
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are more susceptible to disease.TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。$ {2 B5 T! a6 @/ l4 i( e
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Remove and destroy or throw away diseased leaves, both off the
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plant and any that have fallen onto the ground. This may help stop the spread if caught early
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enough. If a plant is heavily infectedwww1.tvboxnow.com6 r, H9 o6 P8 o. S

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, the entire plant should be removed and destroyed. Do not put infected leaves or plants in a compost pile. Tools used www1.tvboxnow.com! y& q' @5 r$ j7 ^9 o1 R4 r8 Z
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to remove diseased leaves should be disinfected before being used on a different plant.
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% l6 N" f$ R/ k8 {, ^4 b- WSpray plants to prevent and control the % O/ i! O3 r: {
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spread of Early blight and Septoria leaf spot.
Commercial fungicides are available. For organic gardens, try
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GreenCure.www1.tvboxnow.com! `4 A6 _; c1 Q) G4 E4 U7 O; p* L

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Late Blight on Tomato PlantsTVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。- E% r, n1 Y' n

) J0 Z) u5 Y6 K# j! Z公仔箱論壇Late blight is another fungus that infects tomato plants. It spreads fast and can quickly kill all tomato tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb0 \3 ?# j& p( j3 z: P: S
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plants in a garden. Once a tomato plant
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is infected with late blight, the entire plant should be removed and destroyed. Late blight infections first appear as small,
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water-soaked spots on leaves and stems that grow and turn dark brown or gray. A white downy growth may develop on the underside of infected leaves. Late blightTVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。. j$ t! D7 |9 v4 E+ v% q

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can infect all parts of a tomato plant, including the fruit. Most of the methods for preventing early blight and
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Septoria leaf spot infections will also help prevent late blight infections.
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