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[生活小百科] Early Blight and Septoria Leaf Spot on Tomato Plants

Early blight and Septoria leaf spot infections most commonly begin in the early or middle part of the growing season but tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb6 ^6 H7 i; }3 S9 n  M! r

$ j  _' B. `/ e0 r/ K/ E1 L3 wtvb now,tvbnow,bttvbcan start at any time. Infections can occur anywhere and are most severe in wet and humid areas.
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How to identify Early Blight) V6 u1 w/ f* h3 s. o5 @& ]
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Symptoms of early blight typically begin on the older, lower leaves of a tomato plant. Over time, infections spread upward to www1.tvboxnow.com! ~7 u1 A: k0 ^6 i, M

4 N  @8 w9 i9 QTVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。newer growth. Early blight infections appear as spots that may start out circular or irregular in shape. Spots are dark brown www1.tvboxnow.com- a* i1 H: N+ W" t& m( f
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in color and form concentric rings, or a ' x: t: Q; a2 V& ^
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bullseye pattern
, as they grow. The area around the infection commonly turns yellow. As infections grow,
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leaves may fall off. Extensive loss
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of foliage is common. Infections most commonly occur on leaves but can also appear on stems and fruit.www1.tvboxnow.com* y9 [1 |& W! J0 e% J/ T. }' {
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How to identify Septoria Leaf Spot
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Symptoms of Septoria leaf spot also start
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on the older, lower leaves of a tomato plant and spread upward to newer growth. The spots start out circular but change
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shape as they grow and can merge with other spots. Spots typically have a dark brown edge with a lighter gray or tan center. TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。# {& R. A6 P$ E3 R

7 B3 y6 d5 D+ `! t) vwww1.tvboxnow.comSmall dark spots, the fruiting bodies of the fungus
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, will appear in the gray or tan centers. As infections progress, leaves can turn yellow, then brown and finally dry tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb* I, W/ K4 e( F2 g5 P7 [9 i

6 S& S7 d  Z% A% ^! {7 \tvb now,tvbnow,bttvband dead. Stems can also become infected but
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infection of fruit
is rare.
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How to Prevent and Control Early Blight and ) q+ N6 j% ]/ j& O( i: h. t& P

# Z/ ?1 y1 e- k$ T9 B. E6 p1 jTVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。Septoria Leaf Spot

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* h& h" [) \  t$ E1 q公仔箱論壇Follow the 12 easy steps below to enjoy a
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long season
of sweet cherry tomatoes, colorful heirloom tomatoes and richly flavored sauce tomatoes.
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+ d# X+ n: O( R; e& j' r! K公仔箱論壇Weed your garden. Some weeds, 公仔箱論壇9 A' A# T) k7 U  i
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like nightshade, can host early blight and Septoria leaf spot and spread them to your tomato plants.tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb2 B% ~2 ~. w$ ^, V
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Rotate crop locations. Don’t + }- m1 T+ t5 h  ^' ]2 p
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plant your tomatoes in the same place each year. Early blight and Septoria leaf spot can persist for multiple years in areas tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb- Q( c6 F& a3 z, l9 B- E1 [
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where tomatoes were grown.TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。* s" t4 p+ g2 X; L  }1 i7 B
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Give your tomato plants more space for better airflow. At least 2 feet of spacing, more is better.
- |5 q, ?) \) F! J, \! b4 i- b公仔箱論壇Cover the ground beneath your tomato plants with mulch, plastic or landscape fabric. A cover helps prevent the spread of TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。& k5 o! z  f" r  t

* ~; X; z- g& m1 j) T# A8 Dfungus from the soil to your
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plants.
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0 ^0 Y8 Q% \. i4 ~4 CTVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。Stake or cage plants to keep them TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。: w+ }8 A1 J& P/ J$ Q! j( D9 [
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off the ground. Early blight and Septoria leaf spot can survive on stakes and cages. Use only new or disinfected stakes and
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$ D  e! ]: w! F8 B9 b- ^TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。cages. Remove lower leaves for better airflow. As plants mature, remove lower leaves until there is about 8 to 10 inches of
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space above the soil without any leaves. Do not use
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overhead watering
.
$ P' n" L( z8 i9 W) i5 U  j$ OTVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。Avoid getting leaves and stems wet as much as possible and avoid watering in a way that may splash soil onto your plants. TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。* i" T7 t. }+ z
Consider using a soaker hose or drip tape. Water in the early part of the day. This allows leaves to dry faster. Wet leaves allow tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb1 G9 M( ^+ W1 M& M& Z* O! G3 }0 n6 W# O5 ], ]

( l1 S3 u% V# B9 u6 s' H0 d! u$ H( bfungus to grow and spread. Avoid working with plants when they are wet. Fungus can be spread more easily when leaves are tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb. k7 x& e; U. d' m# M" r

, X" D( m" k/ Dwet. Keep your plants happy and healthy. Weak and stressed
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plants
are more susceptible to disease.
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4 i4 D; ^4 r3 r9 Y' Z5 m# IRemove and destroy or throw away diseased leaves, both off the 0 _+ }7 z& F/ L; j* v$ P
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plants
plant and any that have fallen onto the ground. This may help stop the spread if caught early
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! n4 u- v" ^! D1 vtvb now,tvbnow,bttvbenough. If a plant is heavily infected公仔箱論壇/ T- L% J* j/ N2 J1 u3 D\" e2 l) S9 \
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, the entire plant should be removed and destroyed. Do not put infected leaves or plants in a compost pile. Tools used TVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。( k: F6 Q" W+ V) O- _! }0 e

" n/ n, z( |4 \% U! G  W" gTVBNOW 含有熱門話題,最新最快電視,軟體,遊戲,電影,動漫及日常生活及興趣交流等資訊。to remove diseased leaves should be disinfected before being used on a different plant.www1.tvboxnow.com% l" q$ e4 H' N. [3 H. |4 f. L: a

9 v* p. B$ r: }) F! kwww1.tvboxnow.comSpray plants to prevent and control the
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6 m, {' B\" \7 otvb now,tvbnow,bttvbspread of Early blight and Septoria leaf spot.
Commercial fungicides are available. For organic gardens, try 公仔箱論壇. A5 m- O. |) S  X7 u5 Q

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9 P0 A! o$ B1 w5 _/ B/ Mtvb now,tvbnow,bttvbLate Blight on Tomato Plants
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Late blight is another fungus that infects tomato plants. It spreads fast and can quickly kill all tomato tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb) s2 s. g5 I$ h! W; i

, v; k1 H, W1 w3 v, Y公仔箱論壇plants in a garden. Once a tomato plant tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb* O7 j3 _  |6 |/ C6 M! m
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is infected with late blight, the entire plant should be removed and destroyed. Late blight infections first appear as small,
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" k  b5 G; v0 f0 e: g, mwater-soaked spots on leaves and stems that grow and turn dark brown or gray. A white downy growth may develop on the underside of infected leaves. Late blight
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can infect all parts of a tomato plant, including the fruit. Most of the methods for preventing early blight and tvb now,tvbnow,bttvb  y  L' [: }9 e( q& F6 g) Z+ Y

4 w! s1 t' |' x8 Y$ v公仔箱論壇Septoria leaf spot infections will also help prevent late blight infections.
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